Fiddling Styles
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than under a Scotsman's Kilt'

FIDDLING STYLES
Definition and Description

Fiddling Styles Around the World

Fiddling Styles
Page updated July 7, 2019 ~ SSL Secure Site

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FIDDLING STYLES
DEFINITION AND DESCRIPTIONS:


Bluegrass, Brudmarsch,Cajun , Cape-Breton , Celtic , English, Ontario,
Newfoundland, Polska ,Roundspeak, Scandinavian, Scottish, Shetland,
Scottish,Shetland, Skanklat, Sligo, Southern Texan, Ukranian, Western
Swing , Appalachian and more


APPALACHIAN:
A style of fiddling that comes from Appalachian Mountains
of the UnitedStates that uses modal sounds and techniques

BLUEGRASS:
A Musical style that originated with Bill Munroe in late
1930's with increased improvisation/flashiness.This style
is primarily meant for a listening audience only

CAJUN:
A French-North American style that was originated in Maritime
Canada by the "Acadiens," group of French settlers in present
day Nova Scotia. This group, harassed by the British, moved to
Southern Louisiana and were isolated until the start of the
twentieth century.

CAPE BRETON:
A regional variance of Scottish fiddling with a more formal style.
Players of this style include Winston "Scotty" Fitzgerald and The
Cape Breton Symphony Fiddlers.

CELTIC:
A type of Scottish fiddling with melody in a higher range, usually
imitating the sounds of the bagpipes.

ENGLISH:
Style where ornamentation is used sparingly and bow used simply

FRENCH CANADIAN:
Highly spirited style, borrows from French folk music , Scottish and
and Irish fiddling, but leans toward a more rhythmic,less ornamental
style. The favoured instrumentation is guitar and piano

GANGLAT:
A Swedish walking tune

IRISH:
Attention is given to ornaments and melody on an equal basis. Tunes
in the Ionian mode (major scale), Dorian (a scale starting and ending
on the second note of the major scale),

Mixolydian
A scale 'starting and ending'on the fifth note of the major scale and
and Aeolian (natural minor scale) are all equally common.

MARITIME(also called 'DOWN EAST STYLE"):
Music with a brisk tempo, and a spirited bounce, that makes it suitable
for dancing.This is also referred to as the "Down East" Style.. Players
of this style include Don Messer.

METIS:
A mix..Scottish, French and Indian music with a highly spirited character
and adjusted to suit the traditional Metis dances.

NEW ENGLAND:
A mix of Irish , Scottish and English fiddle techniques. Tunes can range
froma simple English fashion to a highly ornamented style ofScottish/Irish
fiddling

NEWFOUNDLAND:
Local offshoot of Irish/Welsh Fiddling that's lively in spirit and quick tempo

OLD-TIMEY:
A pre - bluegrass stringband style with country dance rhythms, including
music from Vaudeville, minstrel shows,British Isles folk traditionals,
early 78RPMS,country recordings,old songs played on thefiddle Appalachian
modal tunes and listening tunes unsuitable for dancing.

ONTARIO:
Style of fiddling that is melodic in character and has roots in Music of
music of the BritishIsles. The most widely known fiddle style in Canada.

POLSKA:
Denotes two different dances:.(a)The "Hambopolska" (eighth note) Polska
with a Strongly Marked 3/4 beat (b)The "Sl ngspolska" with a more even
beat in 3/4 time

ROUNDSPEAK:
A highly rhythmic style of North Carolina fiddling (ex. Tommy Jarrel)

SCANDINAVIAN:
Highly melodic fiddle music that can be played in harmony and sometimes
on eight-nine-string"Hardanger"fiddles(Norwegian original They are tuned
to the same intervals as regular violin tuning except lowest string is
usually,not always,tuned up one whole step.Also the PITCH for the wholle
instrument is higher than for a violin . It could be tuned from one
half - two whole steps higher.Most common seems to be about one whole step
higher.They have four droning strings that run under fingerboard and
through the middle of bridge

SCOTTISH:
Where the right hand is used to bring out wide variety of arpeggio spicatto
bowings Reels are usually slower than in Ireland, the roll, staple
Irish ornament, rarely used.

SHETLAND:
It has a lively style of its own..taking from Sweden, Norway, Scotland and
Ireland

SKANKLAT:
A Swedish gift giving tune at a wedding.
SLIGO:
Ornamental IrishFiddling style typified by playing of MichaelColeman, it
originated in the Sligo area of Ireland.

SOUTHERN:
A mix of French , Spanish and British fiddling with very quick tempo and a
heave usage of double stops

TEXAS STYLE:
Style with highly developed melody variation and JazzLike backup from accom-
panying instruments.Tempo is slower than Old-time,Bluegrass. An example of it
includes Bob Wills
UKRANIAN:
An ethnic type of music,,, high spirited , lyrical, and faster in tempo than
traditional fiddle music Much of this music is composed in minor keys.

WESTERN SWING:
Form of popular music originated from popular swing.Fiddling often aspires to
the hot improvisation of jazz soloists, such as Joe Venuti and
Jean-Luc Ponty.



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JAM SESSION ARCHIVES SESSION #1 ~22
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